India runs the largest renewable capacity expansion programme in the world and the government aims to increase share of clean energy through a massive thrust in renewable sources, according to the year-end review by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.
The government expects to have 100,000 MW of solar power generated by 2022. This would make India one of the largest green energy producers in the world, surpassing several developed countries, the ministry said.
At the end of October 2015, about 38 GW of grid-interactive renewable energy capacity had been installed in India. Spurred by the growth of the clean energy sector, the government of India in its submission to the United Nations Frame Work Convention on Climate Change on Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) said India would achieve 40 percent of its electric power capacity from non-fossil fuel based energy resources by 2030 with the help of transfer of technology and low cost international finance including from Green Climate Fund.
The government has up-scaled the target of renewable energy capacity to 175 GW by 2022, which includes 100 GW from solar, 60 GW from wind, 10 GW from bio-power and 5 GW from small hydropower.
Meanwhile, the government is taking steps to boost the use of clean energy. Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched an International Solar Alliance (ISA) at the COP21 Climate Conference in Paris on November 30 as a special platform for mutual co-operation among 121 solar resource rich countries lying fully or partially between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn. The alliance aims to address special energy needs of ISA member countries. The participants—mainly in Latin America and Africa, include the US, China and France—and would work together to increase solar capacity in emerging markets.
In July 2015, the Cabinet approved the creation of an intra-state transmission system in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan at an estimated cost of Rs 8,548.68 crore with The central government’s contribution from the National Clean Energy Fund of Rs 3,419.47 crore (40 percent of the estimated cost of the project). Creation of an intra-state transmission system will facilitate evacuation of renewable power from generation stations to load centres.
The government has approved and sanctioned 27 solar parks in 21 states, with a capacity of about 18,000 MW and approved 56 solar cities under the Development of Solar Cities Programme, the ministry said.