India tops world in milk production; eggs and fish demand rises

  • India ranks first in milk production, accounting for 18.5 Percent of world production 
  • India records growth of 6.26 percent whereas world milk production Increases by  3.1 percent
  • Per capita availability of milk in India increased from 176 grams/day in 1990-91 to 322 grams day by 2014-15
  • Egg and fish production shows increasing trend over the years
  • Production of fish during the last quarters of 2015-16 also show increasing trend; estimated at 4.79 MT

India topped the world in milk production in 2014-15, accounting for 18.5 percent of global output, the government said.

It said in its annual Economic Survey that India produced 146.3 million tonnes of milk during 2014-15 against 137.69 million tonnes in the previous year, an increase of 6.26 per cent. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has reported a 3.1 per cent increase in world milk production from 765 million tones in 2013 to 789 million tones in 2014.

The per capita availability of milk in India has increased from 176 grams per day in 1990-91 to 322 grams per day by 2014-15, more than the world average of 294 grams per day during 2013.

“Dairying has become an important secondary source of income for millions of rural households engaged in agriculture. The success of the dairy industry has resulted from the integrated co-operative system of milk collection, transportation, processing and distribution, conversion of the same to milk powder and products, to minimise seasonal impact on suppliers and buyers, retail  distribution of milk and milk products, sharing of profits with the farmer, which are ploughed  back to enhance productivity  and needs to be emulated by other farm produce/producers,” it said.

Both egg and fish production has also registered an increasing trend over the years. Egg production was around 78.48 billion eggs in 2014-15, while poultry meat production was estimated at 3.04 MT.

Fisheries constitute about 1 per cent of the GDP of the country and 5.08 per cent of agriculture GDP. The total fish production during 2014-15 was 10.16 MT, and production during the last quarters of 2015-16 has also shown an increasing trend and is estimated at 4.79 MT (Provisional), the Survey said.

 

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