The weather phenomenon that triggered two straight drought in India has officially ended, according to the Australian Bureau of Metrology.
The bureau said in a statement that the tropical Pacific Ocean has returned to a neutral El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) state.
Sea surface temperatures across the tropical Pacific have cooled to neutral levels over the past fortnight, supported by much cooler-than-average waters beneath the surface, the bureau said, adding that other atmospheric indicators such the trade winds, cloudiness near the Date Line, and the Southern Oscillation Index have also returned to neutral levels.
“Outlooks suggest little chance of returning to El Niño levels, in which case mid-May will mark the end of the 2015–16 El Niño.”
El Nino typically changes weather patterns across the world, bringing rains to dry areas anddrying up generally wet regions.
The bureau said that international climate models indicate the tropical Pacific Ocean will continue to cool, with six of eight models suggesting La Niña is likely to form during the austral winter (June–August). However, individual model outlooks show a large spread between neutral and La Niña scenarios.
The La Nina phenomenon brings rains to India, which is expecting above-average monsoon that is likely to help the farmer and the economy in a largely agrarian country.