India exported 306,990 tonnes of spices worth Rs 4,589.14 crore during the first quarter of the 2017-18 financial year, up 35% as compared to 2,27,938 tonnes in the corresponding period last year, the Spices Board of India said.
Chillies were the most exported spice with the shipment of 133,000 tonnes, fetching Rs 1,198 crore.
Efforts to promote garlic have resulted in substantial increase in its exports, rising 107% in value terms and 169% in quantity, the Board said.
Fennel registered a remarkable growth of 92% in quantity and 49% in value through shipments of 13,250 tonnes globally, while exports of other seed spices such as mustard, aniseed and dill seed grew by 83% in quantity as compared to the same period last year and saw a 63% increase in value.
During the period, 1,220 tonnes of small cardamom, valued at Rs 134.55 crore, were exported as against 1,106 tonnes worth Rs. 90.81 crore during the corresponding period last year, registering an increase of 10% in volume and 48% in value.
However, the southern Indian state of Kerala, which was ruling as the biggest pepper producer in the country has given the top slot to Karnataka that now accounts for about 45 percent of the total pepper production in the country.
The main reason for the decline of pepper production in Kerala is the black pepper vines falling to quick wilt, a disease that causes sudden wilting, drying and death of the vines. Some areas in Kerala lost about 90 percent of their vines to the disease.