One Congo project could supply the world with lithium

AVZ Minerals’ Manono became the world’s largest non-brine lithium resource after the Perth-based company released the maiden estimate for its 60%-owned project in southern Congo in August this year.

At the end of November, AVZ published the results of a drilling campaign that further increased Manono’s size – by more than half to just over 400 million tonnes grading 1.66% Li2O for 6.6 million tonnes of lithium oxide.

State-owned Congolese company Cominiere holds 30% of Manono and the deposit was mined for tin for six decades until 1982. AVZ’s latest resource estimate also includes 300,000 tonnes of tin and 132,000 tonnes of tantalum.

The company hopes to update its October scoping study before the end of year and AVZ is now studying a 5 million tonnes per annum (mtpa) and 10 mtpa operation (up from 2mtpa) thanks to the expanded resource and offsets provided by tin and tantalum.

It is believed an operation at Manono with a 10 million tonnes per year capacity has the potential to produce over 300,000 tonnes per year of lithium carbonate equivalent.

That’s a rate of production roughly equal to global output from all brine operations and hard-rock mines forecast for 2018!

There is of course a long road ahead for AVZ at Manono and like many of its peers, the $110m stock has come under pressure from the fall in the price of lithium. The sector is a crowded field, but AVZ does enjoy some high-profile backers with Citicorp, JP Morgan and BNP Paribas together holding some 30% of the company.

Unlike cobalt, lithium escaped being treated as a strategic mineral by the Congolese authorities and royalty rates for the battery raw material remains at 3.5%. Cobalt now attracts a 10% rate.

Shekhar Ghosh is consulting editor, He has edited and written for publications like Business India, Business Standard, Business Today, Outlook and many other international publications. He can be reached at

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