Record wheat yield seen in Ukraine; good conditions for winter Russian wheat, says USDA

The U.S. Agriculture Department (USDA) forecast Ukraine wheat production for 2019/20 at 30.0 million metric tons, up 3 percent from last month and up 20 percent from last year.

Harvested area is forecast at 7.0 million hectares, unchanged from last month and up 4 percent from last year, while yield is forecast at a record 4.29 tons per hectare, up 3 percent from last month and up 15 percent from last year, the USDA said in its latest world agriculture report.

The month-to-month increase in yield is attributed to favourable weather in the Steppe Zone, which accounts for about half of Ukraine’s production, the report said, adding that landsat imagery shows favourable conditions compared to last year.

According to the report, spring wheat planting in Russia was nearly complete and good conditions prevailed for the strong winter output. The USDA forecast Russian wheat production for 2019/20is forecast at 78.0 million metric tons (mmt), up 1 percent from last month and up 9 percent from last year.

“The forecast includes 58.8 mmt of winter wheat and 19.2 mmt of spring wheat,” the report said, adding that USDA projections excluded forecast output from Crimea.

“Total wheat yield is forecast at 2.94 tons per hectare, up 1 percent from last month and up 8 percent from last year. Total area remains unchanged at 26.5 million hectares,” it said.

Winter wheat is grown in European Russia (including the Southern, Central, Volga, and North Caucasus Districts) and typically accounts for about half of total wheat area and about 70 percent of production.

The month-to-month increase for winter wheat yield is based chiefly on continued favourable weather in the Southern and North Caucasus Districts. Krasnodar is consistently one of Russia’s top wheat-producing territories, and winter wheat there typically reaches the flowering state in late May.

Krasnodar reported record wheat yield in 2017. Harvest will begin in early July, in the southern production regions. Spring-wheat planting in the major production zones (the Siberian, Ural, and Volga Districts) is essentially complete and harvest will begin in late Augus

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