India’s copper exports plunge 69% in FY19 on Sterlite unit closure: EEPC


Cumulatively for FY19, the export of the metal and its products dropped by whopping 69.4% to $1.065 billion, against the previous fiscal due to the shutdown of Sterlite Copper smelter plant at Tuticorin in Tamil Nadu, said Engineering Export Promotion Council (EEPC).

The export of copper and copper products in March 2019 declined sharply by 60.8% to $127.43 million as compared to the same month in 2018.

Stressing the marked drop in exports and the need to prevent import of inferior/hazardous quality of copper scraps into India, the Council has urged the Union government to bring in a copper scrap policy immediately.

“In order to prevent the import of inferior quality and hazardous copper scrap, we would like to suggest that the government should develop internationally compatible standards and may bring a copper scrap policy like that of steel scrap,” the apex engineering exporters’ organisation has said.

India’s domestic refined copper production had fallen significantly during the first half of 2018-19 mainly due to the shutdown of the 400 million tonnes Tuticorin smelter of Sterlite which accounted for 40 per cent of the country’s copper smelting capacity.

Recently, the Supreme Court refused to allow Vedanta to reopen Sterlite Copper’s Tuticorin plant. Therefore, in this context, EEPC India feels that the declining trend in the exports of copper would continue.

Domestic industry relies heavily on imports of copper concentrate from far-off countries, particularly from South Africa, in a big way. This really increases the cost of production. The duty on the copper concentrate is currently 2.5 per cent while the finished goods coming at zero duty. Thus, there is a situation of inverted duty structure. The Union government should consider removal of this duty to help the industry becoming globally competitive,” EEPC India chairman Ravi Sehgal said.

Another source of copper concentrate was Indonesia which, according to industry, has imposed an export tax. This in turn is making our imports expensive. Indonesia is a FTA partner of India under the ASEAN agreement and the government should take up this issue at government-to-government level, he said, adding that import of inferior quality/hazardous copper scrap should be curbed.

Shekhar Ghosh is consulting editor, He has edited and written for publications like Business India, Business Standard, Business Today, Outlook and many other international publications. He can be reached at

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