A fresh swarm of desert locusts has entered Uttar Pradesh, India’s biggest sugar cane grower, via Delhi and Haryana, according to the ministry of agriculture. Operations to control the grasshoppers are in full swing in the states of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Gujarat, Punjab and Maharashtra, the ministry said in a statement late Saturday. Tractors, fire engines and drones are engaged in spraying pesticides to kill them, it said.
A massive locust attack adds another challenge for India which is trying to contain the spread of the coronavirus and limit its impact on the economy. At this juncture, the country cannot risk food crops getting destroyed as millions of people have been pushed into poverty after losing livelihood due to the world’s most stringent stay-at-home rules. While movement restrictions are being relaxed, India has become the fourth country with more than 5 lakh infections.
The hoppers or locusts, which normally settle on trees during the night and fly during the day, have been controlled in about 127,225 hectares (314,379 acres) of area across the country between April 11 and June 26, the ministry said. Farmers grow mainly rice, pulses, cotton, sugar cane and soybeans on about 106 million hectares during the monsoon season between June and September.
In January, the biggest locust swarm to hit India’s western state of Gujarat over a quarter of a century resulted in more than 25,000 hectares of wheat, rapeseed, cumin and potatoes being attacked, with at least a third of the crops damaged in 75% of the affected areas. About 403,488 hectares had to be treated with pesticides across the country after another invasion in 2019-20, according to the agriculture ministry.
Desert locusts often attack North Africa, the Middle East and South Asia, usually when heavy rains follow droughts. They generally enter the desert areas of India via Pakistan for breeding during the four-month rainy season that starts in June. But, this year, pink adult swarms were reported as early as April in Rajasthan and Punjab, according to the ministry.