India’s rice production during 2020/21 is estimated at a record 121 million metric tonnes, up 2% from last year, according to the US Department of Agriculture (USDA).
The rise in output came due to record yields and a slight increase in the field area. Favourable monsoon rains contributed significantly to the production.
Rice is mainly planted with the onset of monsoon rains in June and July across different regions of the country. It is harvested from November-December onwards.
Late withdrawal of the seasonal rains benefitted plantings in the winter months as well as it improved soil moisture and water reservoir levels. Around 10% of the grain crop is planted in winter.
India is the world’s No. 1 rice exporter and a higher output is expected to benefit several nations including parts of Africa and Asia that are facing food shortage during the pandemic.