The Solvent Extractors’ Association of India (SEA) has provided the crop estimate for castorseed for 2020-21. As per the estimate, the yield of castorseed this year is estimated to dip by 6.3%, primarily on account of unfavorable weather.
As per the third field survey done in the castor growing areas of India, the overall output of this oilseed this year would be around 17.81 lakh tonnes, which is about 8% lesser than the earlier estimate of 19.02 lakh tonnes. The yield has also been revised down to 2,157 kg per hectare from 2,303 kg a hectare.
Agri-commodity research firm AgriWatch was commissioned by the Solvent Extractors Association of India (SEA) to conduct a survey to estimate the area, yield and production of castor seed for the crop year 2020-21.
Castor picking is now in the final stage (between the fourth and the fifth picking). But, as per a survey by SEA, higher than normal temperature has coerced farmers to cut short the picking activity. Most of them had stopped picking in April. Usually, farmers continue to pick till May.
Top producing states like Rajasthan and Gujarat have witnessed an adverse affect on castorseed yield due to unfavorable weather conditions in the months of February and March. About the Gujarat crop survey, SEA had this to say: “Unfavorable weather, higher than normal temperature with warm wind after February and delayed sowing in several pockets has hit the castor yield during later stage of the crop cycle.”
This year, the acreage of castor has decreased as well. It is estimated at 8.26 lakh hectares for 2020-21 as compared to 9.73 lakh hectares in the previous year. The revised acreage estimates for Gujarat have been revised down to 15.2 lakh hectares as against 16.3 lakh hectares estimated earlier. For Rajasthan the acreage has come down to 2.2 lakh hectares as against earlier 2.4 lakh hectares earlier. Acreage for Andhra Pradesh and Telangana remain unchanged.