India’s summer crop planting increases by 4% due to jump in pulse acreage

The overall sowing under summer crops in India has reached 71.88 lakh hectares (lh) in the first week of May. It’s up by 4.4 per cent from 68.84 lh in the same period last year. According to the data released by the Union Agriculture Ministry, the area under pulses has increased by 18.4 per cent to 20.38 lh, mostly because of significant increase in the coverage of the moong crops.

Planting in moong is at 16.25 lh in May, compared to 14.24 lh during the same period last year. Madhya Pradesh (8.85 lh), Odisha (2.61 lh), Bihar (2.06 lh), Tamil Nadu (1.95 lh), Uttar Pradesh (1.53 lh), Gujarat (0.96 lh), West Bengal (0.83 lh), Andhra Pradesh (0.35 lh), Chhattisgarh (0.35 lh), and Maharashtra are among the major moong pulse growing states (0.25 lh) in the country.

Rice planting, on the other hand, is down by 3.6 per cent at 29.71 lh compared to 30.83 lh planted the previous year.

The total area under oilseeds is slightly higher, at 10.98 lh (10.54 lh). However, coarse cereal acreage has increased by 56,000 hectares to 10.82 lh so far. Maize area is down 3.4 per cent year on year at 6.42 lh, down from 6.65 lh in the previous year.

Early sowing this year was most likely the cause of the higher lead, which is now decreasing as the summer season planting season approaches according to an official after releasing the May update.

The heatwave and lower rains in many parts of northern and central India have also made planting difficult. As of May 6, the cumulative rainfall in the pre-monsoon season since March 1 was 26 per cent below normal on a pan-India basis. While the northwest region is 79 per cent deficient, central India has received 58 per cent less precipitation so far than the long-term average. So far, only 22 per cent of the geographical areas have received normal or more rains.

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